La costruzione dell’identità nelle pratiche giornalistiche: il caso dei rifugiati

by Valentina Boschian Bailo

This essay aims to analyse practices of identity construction in news discourse. By taking into consideration a selection of news items collected from two online mainstream English-language press websites, namely the BBC and CNN official websites, I investigate how refugees walking the so-called Balkan Route are represented. I proceed by comparing how migrants are represented by the two different media channels in order to look for portrayals of refugees in the Western world in present-day news media. The discussion revolves around the concept of identity and its linguistic construction in news.


“An art / That Nature makes”: The Alchemical Conception of Art and Nature in Shakespeare’s The Winter’s Tale

by Martina Zamparo

The aim of this paper is to discuss the conception of art and nature expounded by Shakespeare in The Winter’s Tale in the light of Renaissance alchemical imagery and language. Moving from the debate between Perdita and Polixenes – a dialogue in which the two characters present a vision of the relationship of art and nature that is highly evocative of the alchemical notions widespread at the time – the discussion will also include the significance of time and water. Displaying a world in which “things dying” are the source of “things newborn”, The Winter’s Tale seems to follow the alchemical pattern known as solve et coagula, i.e. ‘destroy’ in order to ‘re-create’.


“A little place in the neighbourhood of a great city”: Landscape and Environment in Walter Pater’s “The Child in the House”, “An English Poet” and “Emerald Uthwart”

by Giovanni Bassi

My paper will consider the function of landscape in Walter Pater’s short narratives, focusing on three texts traditionally grouped together: “The Child in the House”, “An English Poet” and “Emerald Uthwart”. I will investigate the physical and visionary plenitude of the Paterian landscape through its synesthetic and mythopoeic imagery (gardens and flowers are among the most recurrent tropes in these ‘portraits’). Consequently, I will examine the peculiar dialectic and fusion, in these narratives, between human and natural environment, art and nature. Seen from this perspective, the still overlooked “An English Poet” suggests that Ruskin’s idea of nature may be juxtaposed to Pater’s and this may fruitfully add to the complex relationship between the two authors as well as to the subject of Victorian ecocriticism.


‘Hail, reverend Structure!’ Questioning Patriarchal Parenthood in the Aquatic Imagery of Grottoes in Court Masques

by Caterina Guardini

Jonson’s Neptune’s Triumph for the Return of Albion (1624), Daniel’s Tethy’s Festival (1610), and Jonson’s Love’s Triumph through Callipolis (1631) explore the representation of royal private and political patriarchy within the Stuart courts of James I and Charles I. By questioning the representation of gender and parenthood, this paper aims at conjecturing the conflictual variety of audience-responses to the aquatic imagery of Mannerist garden grottoes at work in these shows in order to investigate whether the motherly agency of Queen Anna is really erased by James I’s imagery of aquatic patriarchy or if it survives in Charles’s mnemonic reception during his later performances on the masquing stage.


The Aesthetics of the Green Postcolonial Novel in Kiran Desai’s The Inheritance of Loss

by Angelo Monaco

Drawing upon the convergence of ecocriticism and postcolonialism, my article explores Kiran Desai’s The Inheritance of Loss (2006), a novel that bridges human loss and environmental degradation. It is my contention that a green postcolonial aesthetics animates Desai’s complex novel that weaves fiction, history, realism and imagination. By staging human violence, gleaming landscapes and a rich ecological wealth of flora and fauna, The Inheritance of Loss exposes a critique of the anthropocentric positions, blurring the border between human and non-human.


‘The Dimension of the Symbolic’: Environmental Issues in David Malouf’s “Jacko’s Reach”

by Jacopo Vigna-Taglianti

In David Malouf’s works natural landscape often plays a crucial role: rather than being a simple narrative background, it becomes the main protagonist in his exploration of the relationship between man and nature. In my analysis of “Jacko’s Reach”, the shortest story in the Dream Stuff collection, I will focus on two different environmental concerns that emerge from a close reading of this work: the question of space and identity (and the passage from the physical landscape to the ‘dimension of the symbolic’) and the issue of territorial deprivation as a neo-colonial policy with its possible solutions.


Paradigms of the Ecocritical Canon in T. S. Eliot’s Early Poems

by Arianna Antonielli

Taking into consideration T. S. Eliot’s early poetry from an ecocritical perspective, this article investigates a few of the more than 40 poems he wrote in the years 1909-1914 in a notebook he called Inventions of the March Hare. Edited in 1996, the volume includes poems which highlight his concern with the (un) natural world and his implicit critique of the degrading environment caused by the spoiling consequences of  modernity. Focusing on the representation of the wasted urban landscapes portrayed in these poems, emphasis will be given to Eliot’s environmental awareness, which coincided to some extent with his encountering the maudite realité of French symbolist poets.


A Deceptive Initiation: An Ecological Paradigm in Howard O’Hagan’s Tay John

by Sergiy Yakovenko

Howard O’Hagan’s novel Tay John has been widely discussed as a modernist work of deconstruction that undermines the established concepts of broadly understood mythology, narrative, and gender. In this article, I focus on one of the previously neglected aspects of the novel’s mythological drama – the clash of the pre-modern and modern ecological epistemai, which unfolds as an originary event of entering into modernity. I argue that the dramatic irony of a recoded indigenous myth introduces the aboriginal Shuswaps to the colonialist perception of the environment, deceptively making them hostages of their own beliefs and thereby drastically changing their temporal-spatial continuum.


“One thing does not exist: Oblivion”. The Poiesis of Everness and the Wildness of Art in Anita Desai’s “The Artist of Disappearance”

by Daniela Fargione

Anita Desai’s The Artist of Disappearance opens with the first line of “Everness” by Jorge Luis Borges to suggest that nothing can be forgotten except for what is not strong enough to become memory. If oblivion is the main theme of this collection, the eponymous story illustrates the need to preserve (mainly from forgetfulness) both cultural and natural artworks. The ethical role of the artist as transmitter of values, together with artistic travail as a tool of preservation are particularly evident in Desai’s reference to Nek Chand’s unauthorized “Rock Garden”. In this article I explore the literary representation of desecrated natural and cultural heritage, postcolonial India’s destruction of naturecultural biodiversity, the decentralization of the human, and the agency of elemental materiality.


‘Violence against the Earth is Violence against Women’: The Rape Theme in Women’s Eco-Narratives

by Deborah Saidero

The metaphorical connection between women and the Earth is a recurring literary trope which is often articulated through the theme of rape. In many narratives the sexual abuse of women is, for instance, equated with the colonial penetration and conquering of the land. Today many women writers have undertaken a plight to subvert destructive colonialist and capitalistic attitudes that have normalized violence against women’s bodies and against the Earth. This essay analyses the theme of rape in the works of three Canadian novelists (Maracle, Brand and Atwood) whose eco-narratives summon environmental justice by retrieving an ethos of respect for the woman-land connection.